The Fire Locating and Modeling of Burning Emissions ( FLAMBE' ) is a innovative program to model biomass burning emissions, transport, and radiative effects in a global prognostic meteorology model. Initiated by the US Navy, National Aeronautics and Space Administration ( NASA ), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration ( NOAA ), and the University of Alabama, FLAMBE' is a multi-disciplinary program drawing from a broad range of expertise and resources. At the core of the program is the incorporation of real-time satellite-based fire detection into the US Navy's operational aerosol model Naval Research Laboratory ( NRL ) Aerosol Analysis and Prediction System (
).NAAPS integrates this information with other aerosol source functions and output from the Navy Operational Global Atmospheric Prediction System (
) to get a 4-D picture of biomass burning globally.
Currently we are using the GOES-11 and GOES-12 platforms to generate fire products every half hour for the entire Western Hemisphere using the Wildfire ABBA ( WF_ABBA ). The GOES WF_ABBA is an automated dynamic multispectral thresholding algorithm that uses visible, shortwave infrared window (near 4 microns) and longwave infrared window (near 11 microns) data to locate fire pixels and characterize sub-pixel burning. For the rest of the globe, we currently use MODIS fire product from Terra and Aqua generated by the University of Maryland. Smoke fluxes are based on mean emission factors and area burn statistics. In the future, we will utilize MSG and MTSAT geostationary data.